Thursday, October 31, 2019

Lady Gaga and David Beckham



Lady Gaga 

and


David Beckham 


Talk Tudor in Los Angeles


Tudor recently released this interesting video that features Tudor brand Ambassadors, Lady Gaga and David Beckham talking about their lives.


Green is Rolex's primary color in their logo, and I could not help but notice that both Lady Gaga and David Beckham both have green eyes!?!! This is so rare, as only green eyes are really rare. As a matter of fact, only 2% of the human population has green eyes...


The video interview between Lady Gaga and David Beckham was filmed in the famous Sheats-Goldstein Residence in Los Angeles, which is know for its fascinating modern architecture and views as seen below in the photo from NPR's Jeff Green.


I am not only a designer, but a design fanatic of the highest order, which is why I have always loved Rolex so much. I am also a huge fan of Architecture, and publish Jake's Architecture World. I have been meaning to do story on the Sheats-Goldstein house which was designed by John Lautner, who in the mid-1930s was an apprentice of Frank Lloyd Wright, so here are some great videos that offer a superb topographical understanding of this amazing piece of residential property with crazy view of the Los Angeles basin.

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Wednesday, October 30, 2019

Mercedes EQS: The Future of The Mercedes-Benz "S" Class




Mercedes EQS

The Future of 
The Mercedes-Benz "S" Class
All Electric Sedan


Rolex is renowned for its timeless designs coupled with enduring build quality, just like Mercedes Benz. Mercedes Benz recently unveiled a prototype of its upcoming all new Electric "S" Class Sedan which is named 'EQS', and it looks SUPER-COOL...In this video we get the first tour of this new masterpiece from Mercedes...


I don't know about you, but I almost fell out of my chair when I first saw this amazing new design...


My concern with this car, is despite its promise, Mercedes is so far behind Tesla, by the time this car is available, it may be obsolete...particularly if Tesla will be offering full autonomy...








Monday, October 28, 2019

Eddie Murphy Yellow Gold Day-Date



The Return of The King of Comedy


Eddie Murphy

Yellow Gold Day-Date


Eddie Murphy was recently on the Late show with Steven Colbert talking about how he plans to return to startup comedy as well as coming back to host Saturday Night Live for the first time in 35 years, and notice he is wearing his Masterpiece Rolex Day-Date.







Saturday, October 26, 2019

Rolex Hotness: Cheryl Tiegs The First Supermodel In History


...Rolex Hotness...

Cheryl Tiegs

The First Supermodel In History

Many iconic females in the 1970s wore smaller Rolex watches including Charlie's Angles. Also, since the 1960s, women began wearing men's Rolex watches. T. Walker Lloyd, who is a former Rolex executive did a podcast interview with me where he told a great story about Cheryl Tiegs and he mentioned her Rolex and you can see she is wearing a Rolex Lady-Date in the photo below (Ladies, Rolex President).



Cheryl Tiegs was not only a successful supermodel, but also extremely successful as a brand ambassador for companies like Olympus Camera, and she even had her own designer signature clothing and accessory line at Sears, which from 1980 to 1989 sold close to a Billion dollars!




Cheryl Tiegs wore at least two different Rolex watches. She wore a Rolex Lady-Date on a President Bracelet, as well as two-tone Ladies Datejust.


Cheryl Tiegs became the worlds first real Supermodel in the 1970s and she graced the cover of Sports Illustrated many times.



Cherly Tiegs is pictured below with her famous husband and fashion photographer, Peter Beard, who at the time was wearing a men's Rolex Datejust.






Tuesday, October 22, 2019

Captain Danny's Espresso GMT-Master



...Rolex Pilot Shot of The Day...

Captain Danny's Espresso GMT-Master

Captain Danny has been writing for Jake's Rolex World for several years now. In case you didn't know, Captain Danny is also a hardcore Rolex fanatic! He recently took this amazing wrist shot photo of his all black dial Rolex 'Green Hand' GMT-Master...





Monday, October 21, 2019

Rolex Daytona 2019: Eye of the Tiger



Hands-on with the 'Eye of the Tiger'




 By DANNY CRIVELLO

           
This week marks the two-year anniversary of the most famous vintage watch auction, the Paul Newman Daytona, which reached a record $17 million. I thought, why not mark the event with Rolex's most recent Daytona release, the Baselworld 2019 reference 116588, an absolute stunner that I was able to hold on its first day.


The Rolex Daytona is the world’s most recognizable sports watch. A year after the surprise release of the Rainbow Daytona, Rolex surprises us again with this model, showcasing Rolex's skills, talent and knowledge as a jeweler. 



For the new piece, Rolex replaced the tachymeter scale on the bezel with 36 trapeze-cut diamonds, and decorated the dial with swirls of black lacquer surrounded by 243 diamonds set in a snake-like pattern. There are eight diamond markers set in yellow gold. Look closer and you can see the 15, 30 and 45 markers in gold Arabic numerals. 


The watch was quickly nicknamed the 'Eye of the Tiger' by our friends at Revolution Watch, and it caught on. 

Each stone is invisibly set, meaning they appear to be securing one another—and that, in fact, is more or less the case.


After the Rolex representative handed me the Daytona and gave me a run down of the watch's specs, she simply concluded with the dial: "And the dial... the dial speaks for itself."


Indeed! I held the watch, and its design immediately played tricks on my brain. Here was the most recognizable sports watch in the world—in the most luxurious setting. Rolex decided to put the watch on a black Oysterflex adding to its sportiness. Then the 243 diamonds sparkle; the gold shines amazingly under the Rolex pressroom lights. And your brain is convinced no one does the combination, nay, the perfect balance, of sports and luxury better than Rolex. 


Sunday, October 20, 2019

From Russia With Rolex Love: Adriyan Nikolayev Soviet Cosmonaut



From Russia With Rolex Love


Andriyan Nikolayev

Soviet Cosmonaut

Deputy Director of Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center


One of the most fascinating things about Rolex history is the fact that we keep discovering new puzzle pieces that keep changing and enhancing the course of Rolex history. This story being a perfect case-in-point! Pointed Crown Guard (PCG) in particular...



The photo above of Soviet Cosmonaut, Andriyan Nikolayev appears courtesy of TASS and was shared by Philip from Moonwatch Universe. Philip wrote the third chapter in the 3rd edition of Moonwatch Only, and was also a recent guest on the podcast Time 4 A Pint where he discussed A Brief History of Watches in Space



In the photo above which was taken in August of 1963 we see Soviet cosmonauts Yuri Gagarin (left), Pavel Popovich (second left), German Titov and Andriyan Nikolayev (right). Andriyan Nicolayev was the third cosmonaut to travel into space.


Nikolayev traveled to the United States in 1971, where he met with NASA Astronauts who gave him signed photos.




Many U.S. Test pilots and NASA Astronauts wore Rolex GMT-Master models, including to and on the moon! What would you think if I told you a Russian Cosmonaut wore a GMT-Master before an American Astronaut? It's hard to belive but true as we see in the photo below taken in 1965 that shows Russian Cosmonaut Andriyan Nikolayev sporting his Pepsi GMT-Master in photos with his wife and daughter discovered by Nick Gould. To the best of my knowledge this predates any American Astronaut wearing a Rolex GMT-Master.






As a Soviet Cosmonaut, Andriyan Nikolayev was number 3, and flew two space flights. His wife, Valentina Tereshkova is pictured below with their daughter, Elena who is considered the first space child in history, since both her parents with spacefarers.





Adriyan Nikolayev was married to Valentina Tereshkova (pictured above and below) and she was the first women in Space, whereby in 1963 she orbited earth 48 times in her Vostok-6 over the course of 3 days!!!








Friday, October 18, 2019

Rolex GMT Masterpiece...



Black Ice Masterpiece

I have never been crazy about precious stones on a Rolex dial or bezel, but when Rolex began blinging out Rolex GMT II models in 2012 I thought is was so tastefully done. It really is a masterful work of art!!!

Friday, October 11, 2019

Inside Rolex: Instagram Animations



 By DANNY CRIVELLO

           
Some say Instagram was made for watch lovers. Rolex's account, which has garnered 10 million followers, is just beautiful. Maybe it's the engineer in me, but I love the quick animation posts showing the inner-workings of the watch that Rolex sometimes shares on Instagram. I was able to pull some of my favorites and display them here.

Take a look at the Perpetual rotor self-winding mechanism, which is one of the 400 innovations patented by Rolex in the last 90 years. When Rolex watches have solid case backs, it is nice to see this:



Below is the Rolex silicon hairspring in action: 



I also love the animation of the vertical clutch of the Daytona. It works on the principle of friction contact between two discs, like the clutch in a car:



Below is the Triplock winding crown of a GMT-Master II, which has three sealed zones fitted with high-performance gaskets:

Another Rolex invention is the gas escape valve for the Sea-Dweller. It allows the helium trapped in the watch to be released at a given pressure during decompression. It is a one-way safety valve:



The very comfortable, yet robust Oysterflex. This animation shows the superlastic metal blade inside the Oysterflex:



The Rolex Deepsea can resist massive pressure exerted by water at the depth of 3,900 metres (12,800 feet), equivalent to a weight of about four tonnes on the watch:


Finally, let's take a look at the perpetual calendar of the Sky-Dweller. A "satellite" wheel rotates and orbits a fixed "planetary" wheel in one month. One of the satellite’s fingers receives an additional impulse on the four 30-day months, making the calendar disc jump from the 30th to the 1st to display the correct date:


Saturday, October 5, 2019

Rolex History: The Corporal's Rolex



Note from Jake: Jose just published one of the most AMAZING horological forensics articles on Rolex/Panerai History I have ever read, which is named "Vintage Rolex Panerai 3646 at Sotheby's", and he linked to this SUPERB article Captain Danny originally published on RolexMagazine.com back on December 2, 2017, so I thought I would share it with you, and we also added a significant update:



Introduction by Jake 

Over the past decade, I have shared many stories of people who have been deeply inspired by Rolex watches—including myself. The following story, researched and written for us by Danny, is about unbreakable human spirit, moxie, raw determination, perseverance and tenacity.

I believe, in the final analysis, all any man really ever possesses of value is his enthusiasm. Enthusiasm is what gets us through the darkest moments, and allows us to fully immerse and enjoy ourselves in the brightest moments. This story is about how men who were living through some of the darkest moments of their lives reached out to Rolex asking for a time machine, and how Rolex founder Hans Wilsdorf personally reached out to every one of them to share a Rolex watch to give them warmth in the cold as well as light, strength, hope, dignity, inspiration, enthusiasm and something to believe in.

By sending each of these men a Rolex watch, Hans Wilsdorf offered them a loyal and dedicated companion that was as much of a great perpetual enthusiasm piece as a timepiece. In doing so, Rolex, through Hans Wilsdorf’s admirable and kind actions, created a new bastion of international Rolex goodwill brand ambassadors whose reach would be so far and wide that as you read this story now, it touches your soul 75 years later.  Now that is a brilliant and effective long-term business strategy!

Every Rolex isn't just a time machine that tells time, it tells a story, and this story tells history... 


Rolex History



The Corporal's Rolex



Perpetual Hope in the Darkness 

By DANNY CRIVELLO
           

Corporal Clive Nutting, far right (two chevrons on his sleeve)

Corporal Clive James Nutting, above, far right, decided to order a stainless-steel Rolex Oyster 3525 Chronograph from Rolex while being held as a prisoner in Germany, in camp Stalag Luft III, during World War II. The 3525 Chronograph is the one depicted in the 1940s Rolex ad below. "Because of its high accuracy, this chronograph is recommended especially for technical and scientific work," the ad reads in French before warning the user of its lack of "100%" water resistance due to the pushers.



In his letter to Rolex in Geneva, Nutting wrote that he intended to pay for the watch with money he would save working as a shoemaker at the camp. In a surprising twist, Rolex founder Hans Wilsdorf himself replied to Nutting promising him the watch—and told Nutting to not think of paying during the war. Imagine that, you are stuck in a prison camp and you write Rolex asking for a watch. And the founder of Rolex personally writes back to you!



The Corporal

At that time Nutting had been a prisoner of German forces for three years. Information about his life before prison camps is hard to come by, and pictures impossible to find. We know he started off in 1935 as a British army communications engineers, called the "Royal Corps of Signals," as a part-time soldier in the reservist Territorial Army.

By April 1940, Corporal Nutting is in France with the 44th Territorial Division, part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) guarding the border with Belgium. On March 10, the Germans attack, splitting the French armies, encircling the BEF, and forcing it in a tighter pocket around Dunkirk — the only port of evacuation. Below a scene from the movie "Dunkirk" showing British soldiers waiting to be evacuated from France.



Eighteen days later, the Germans overwhelm Nutting’s rearguard position near Cassel, a strategic communications center near Dunkirk. That night, the remnants of his 44th Division manage to slip away. Some are among the 340,000 British and French troops evacuated from Dunkirk. But Nutting is reported missing. Months later, in Sept. 1940, his family learns he is a prisoner of war. 

During his five-year captivity, Nutting keeps a war log filled with drawings, cartoons and photographs depicting life in World War II’s prisoner-of-war camp Stalag Luft III, the same camp made famous by the 1963 film "The Great Escape" starring Steve McQueen and James Garner.




Found in Nutting's scrapbook is a colored drawing, which was completed by another inmate, in 1943, while in prison camp. The drawing is interesting because it sums up his time in action on March 28, 1940, south of Dunkirk. That was the day Nutting was captured while cutting communication lines. It shows him clinging desperately to a damaged telegraph pole as bombs and shells rain down on a battle-torn landscape. A “Stuka” dive-bomber hovers menacingly overhead. 



We see below a rare picture of Nutting (foremost in the right photo). It was discovered in an American magazine from the 1940s and shows him haggard and exhausted, a prisoner on a cold, hungry march through Belgium and Germany to captivity. German soldiers hold their rifles at the ready. A contemporary handwritten account among his mementos would later speak of potato fields being stripped bare as the prisoner's march over them, and of POWs being machine-gunned as they steal milk from a cow.


It's 1942, and after short internments at other prisoner camps, Nutting finally arrives at Stalag Luft III, which will serve as his home until the end of the war. It is about 100 miles southeast of Berlin. The camp is under the control of the German Air Force, or Luftwaffe, as most prisoners there are Allied Air Force personnel. Below, Steve McQueen in "The Great Escape" which takes place in Stalag Luft III. 



Air Force POW camps were less harsh than the notorious concentration camps that were under the SS command, where Jews and political prisoners were kept. This explains how Nutting was able to write and receive a watch from Rolex in Geneva.


As a shoemaker by trade, Nutting (above, right) is valuable both to the Germans and to the POWs. He now gains a privileged position in charge of the camp’s shoemaking workshop. He receives a wage from the Germans, sends remittances to his family in England, and as an officer’s promissory note testifies, has money to lend. He can evidently afford a special watch. Below, the beautiful Rolex chronograph watch that would be sent to Nutting with "papers." I can imagine his excitement when he first opens the package.


When Rolex founder Hans Wilsdorf receives Nutting's letter, he is impressed by the young corporal's request. At the time, Wilsdorf has already offered a deferred payment plan to British officers because he believes an officer's word is his bond. This is an incredible offer by Wilsdorf: Buy now and pay only after the war. Nutting won't receive a bill from Rolex until 1948, five years after he receives the watch!

During my research, I found that in one prison camp, Oflag VII B in Bavaria, hundreds of Rolex watches were ordered by British officers. I also found one example of an USAAF airman POW who placed an order for a Rolex watch. The bill for $150 was sent to the airman's wife in the U.S., the first evidence that Wilsdorf's payment leniency could also apply to Americans. Below, a Rolex Oyster Reference 3525 returned from Rolex service in 1984. The Rolex was owned by a RAF stalag prisoner, Flight Lieutenant Gerald Imeson, and is similar to Nutting's watch.



Still, Nutting was a corporal and not an officer. It is unclear why he was afforded this free loan by Wilsdorf. But while most British officers favored the 30-mm, inexpensive Speedking, Nutting had ordered the Chronograph Oyster watch model. I imagine such an order would have likely impressed Wilsdorf to the point of forgoing his policy of only selling watches to officers. Rolex quoted Nutting a price of CHF250 for the chronograph in 1943, the purchasing power of about $2500 today. Below, Rolex's receipt for Nutting showing gratis, meaning "free of charge," in the price column. "We certify that the watch aforementioned is of Swiss manufacture," in French above the signature.



The Watchmaker

What intrigued me is why Hans Wilsdorf would essentially give away watches with a due-date for payment known only to God: the end of warI believe Wilsdorf, himself having grown up in Bavaria, was actually betting on an Allied victory even though in early 1943, the war's outcome was not that obvious: While the Russians were on the offensive after routing the Germans at Stalingrad, the Third Reich was still powerful, and Americans hadn't landed in France yet. Wilsdorf is pictured below in Geneva in 1942.


Wilsdorf's hope and optimism during the war can also be felt in Rolex's ads. Below, we see an ad from the Christmas season of 1942, a few months before Nutting would have ordered his watch from Rolex. Please note the Rolex "Bubbleback" California dial in the middle of the lineup and also the Speedking at far right (Reference 3121-4). 


It is difficult to put into words how profound and optimistically prescient this next 1943 Rolex magazine ad was from the middle of World War II. Wilsdorf and Rolex must have been so distraught about the sad affairs of the world that they published this ad, which was just an observation and a wish for the future. In other words, Rolex spent money to make this bold declarative statement and didn't even show or mention a watch in the ad.



In this next World War II Rolex Christmas ad published in 1944, you can read in its paragraph how optimistic and excited Rolex was about the end of World War II.



Finally, I can picture that, in a German camp, such an expression of trust from the founder of Rolex must have been a wonderful morale-booster for POWs. I'm sure any positive news from the front must have been withheld by German propaganda. Also, being a commercial pilot myself, I can say watches are always an important tool among airmen, and many had lost theirs, confiscated upon capture. I imagine for those contemplating escape — attempting escape is always part of a serviceman's duty — a watch is as essential as a train timetable. In some cases, public transportation is the only way to reach the border.



The Watch 

Nutting's watch — Rolex watch no. 185983 — is delivered to Stalag Luft III on Aug. 4, 1943. The Great Escape plan of building tunnels has been underway for five months. As a shoemaker with well-equipped workshops at his disposal, a specialist in signals and an experienced POW, Nutting is part of the plan from the start. Coincidently, Nutting orders the chronograph from Rolex the same month the tunnel building plans are decided. Below a scene from the film "The Great Escape."
 


While Nutting waits for the watch, he makes civilian belts, shoes, and briefcases for the escapers out of leather stolen from German officers who come in to have their leather apparels repaired. But a chronograph could potentially be useful for timing "goons" or patrols of prison guards — or timing the 76 escapers through tunnel "Harry" in 1944, though there is no evidence Nutting did that. Below, timing the Great Escape: actor James Coburn in a scene from the film, for which Nutting would serve as consultant.



The watch received by Nutting is a stainless-steel Rolex Oyster Chronograph Antimagnetic Reference 3525, nicknamed "Monoblocco." When this watch first appeared in the early 1940s, it cost CHF350 in the stainless-steel version and CHF935 in 18K gold. Nutting's watch is, of course, brand new, and I can imagine his face as he puts a brand new Rolex on his wrist. And what a piece! 

The 35-mm Rolex, which is polished and brushed with a screwed-down case back and concave lugs, is water-resistant and equipped with round button chronograph. It touts a tachometer and telemeter scale and features a stainless-steel Rolex Oyster buckle. (Below, Nutting's watch in 2007; the watch is 64 years old and survived German POW camps!)


The black dial has Arabic numerals with "baton" hands and outer minute/seconds track, subsidiary seconds and 30-minute register dials. The movement is a rhodium-plated, 17 jewels, straight line lever escapement, monometallic balance, self-compensating Breguet balance-spring, index regulator. The watch is a nice 14-mm thick. Some wrist presence for the times, I would say. Imagine how Nutting must have felt every time he looked at his magnificent Rolex. He must have felt a tremendous sense of pride and inspiration!



The End

In a tragic twist, all but three of the 76 who escaped through the tunnel were captured. Fifty would be executed in cold blood. Nutting wasn't able to use the tunnel before it was discovered. And maybe that saved his life. (There wasn't any motorcycle jump either, although Steve McQueen, the King of Cooldid a great job in "The Great Escape.")


Nutting survives Stalag Luft III and finally returns to his home in Acton, nearby London, in 1945. After the war, he works in administration for a building company in London. 

There's an interesting record of him writing to Rolex: Although his watch served well in the cold weather during the evacuation of the camps, he writes, it is now gaining an hour a day. Where can he have it fixed? And can he have the final invoice? I thought it was interesting that Nutting was requesting the invoice. Due to some British currency restrictions, Rolex can only send Nutting an invoice of £15 for his watch, in 1948. Nutting has been wearing a Rolex watch for five years free of charge! (Though five years in a German POW camp is a terrible price to pay.) 



I reached out to Nutting's son, John, who is a broadcaster and the CEO of Australian Country Radio. He was kind enough to provide me with some information for this article and also the only picture of Nutting I have ever seen post-war. The picture above was taken in the 1990s and Nutting is seen with his wife, Sylvia. 

"Dad came to Australia with my mother to settle here. I immigrated to Australia in 1971, and my parents joined me some years later," John told me. "Dad didn't talk much about the war but he'd watch 'The Great Escape' when it popped up on the telly. He laughed at McQueen's antics." 



Corporal Nutting’s Rolex Chronograph remained his loyal companion until the day he died in Queensland in 2001 at age 90. In May 2007 the watch is sold at an auction for an equivalent of US$87,000.


The last record of Nutting’s Rolex is a restorer’s bill for AU$2,356 ($1,782) dated March 28, 2003, exactly 63 years after its original owner became a prisoner of war. Below, the restorer’s bill paid by his son. 
No one knows where the Rolex Chronograph ordered by a young English corporal from a German POW camp is today. But there are rumors from a "reliable source" that the buyer is Russian, John tells me. What we do know is that for a moment in history, a Rolex linked both a corporal and a watchmaker with shared hope and optimism. As for John, he continues his dad's legacy of wearing a Rolex watch — a Sea-Dweller!





Update by Jake

10/6/2019

My amazing research team which includes Jose, Nick, Danny and Alan keep making amazing Rolex historical discoveries, and since the story above was written, more fascinating information and images have been pouring in. Let's start with this Montres ROLEX S.A. envelope from World War II that was sent into a British soldier held prisoner in a German stalag whose name was Lieutenant J. Peter Hewlett. Notice the super interesting Rolex Oyster artwork on the envelope.



Next we have an interesting image Jose found that shows what would appears to be the back of an envelope sent in to a British soldier during World War II, along with a post dated envelope made out to the Rolex Watch C., Ltd... which I believe was Rolex U.K. For some reason, this image reminds me of Raiders of The Lost Art.




Alan recently discovered the image below of Hans Wilsdorf (founder of Rolex) with his wife in Egypt. This photo is undated, but Jose believes it had to be taken prior to 1955 as Egypt was unsafe for travel after then. Hans Wilsdorf's wife is pictured on the camel and to my eyes it looks like his first wife, Florence Frances May Wilsdorf-Crotty, who was a British citizen that unfortunately passed away in 1944. The crazy thing I noticed is that in the photo below which was taken on the Giza Plateau located on the West Bank of the Nile and notice it shows the famous Egyptian Sphinx statue on the far left which is a character that features the head of a man with the body of a lion. If you look closely at the Pyramid artwork illustration on the envelope above, it is taken from the exact same perspective.




Jose discovered the vintage Italian Rolex ad below which also features the same Pyramid / Sphinx illustration except this time we see the entire Sphinx head. I don't know what year this ad is from but noticed the date that shows 1939. Nick pointed out that the original Panerai store in Florence is listed in this ad, which is located in the bottom left-hand corner where it says "FIRENZE (Italian for Florence) Orologeria Svizzera, Palazzo Arcivescovile.





Nick Gould discovered the three images below which were taken in December of 1942 at the Rolex factory in Bienne, Switzerland. Jose pointed out he noticed what appear to be Rolex Error-Proof dials, which are commonly referred to as California dial on the top shelf in the center.




In the next image below we see a Rolex watchmaker in Bienne working on a Rolex movement at this table in 1942.




In this last image we see female workers at the Rolex factory in Bienne taken in 1942 working on what appear to be lathes that have Rolex logos on them. It's profound to see these amazing historical images as they reflect how and where the watches that ended up on the wrist of British officers who were imprisoned in German concentration camps during World War II were made.




Alan discovered the image below from Bonhams in London which features a signed letter from Rolex founder, Hans Wilsdorf. Bonhams description:

Case No.139041, circa 1943 17-jewel manual wind movement with Patented Super Balance, silvered dial with black printed Arabic numerals, blued steel hand, red centre seconds, polished case with chamfered bezel, screw down Oyster crown and screw back numbered 139041, together with Rolex Headed letter dated 18th March 1943, Guarantee card, outer envelope all stamped in red with the Oflag VII B gepruft stamp 30mm.